Did Jesus Teach the Ten Commandments?

He sure did.

And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
- Matthew 19:16-19 (KJV)

That's a clear reference to the Ten Commandments.

Jesus taught that the Ten Commandments could be summed up as two great commandments.

Master, which is the great commandment in the law? Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.
- Matthew 22:36-40 (KJV)

Love God =

  1. No other gods
  2. No idols
  3. No blasphemy
  4. Keep the Sabbath (Friday sunset to Saturday sunset)

Love your neighbor =

  1. Honour your father and mother
  2. No murder
  3. No adultery
  4. No stealing
  5. No lying
  6. No coveting

For the full version of the Ten Commandments, please click here.

The Ten Commandments are the foundation of all Commandments.

Jesus Himself said that the Law would never pass away, and encourages people to teach the Law.

Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven.
- Matthew 5:17-20 (KJV)

But isn't the law nailed to the cross?

Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross.
- Colossians 2:14 (KJV)

No. Ordinances refer to Moses' law, not to the never-changing Law of God.

Aren't we living under grace, and not under the Law?

True, we are under grace, but that doesn't mean we should continue to break God's Law (sin).

What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? God forbid. How shall we, that are dead to sin, live any longer therein?
- Romans 6:1-2 (KJV)

God's Law was always in place. First orally, then written in stone, and finally written in our mind and in our heart. Same Law though.

For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people.
- Hebrews 8:10 (KJV)

God never changes, and nor does His Law (Ten Commandments).

Jesus is the embodiment (or fulfillment) of the Law. That's the standard God set for us.

Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.
- Matthew 5:17 (KJV)

The Law is all about Love.

Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.
- Romans 13:10 (KJV)

Jesus most definitely taught the Ten Commandments, and so should we...